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新概念英语自学导读1pdf课课练答案微盘下载百度云

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10倍速抗遗忘轻松记单词下载
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举例
Lessons 5~6
课文详注 Further notes on the text
1.Good morning.早上好。
英语中常见的问候用句。对此问候的回应一般也是 Good morning。根
据一天中见面时间的不同还可以说 Good afternoon (下午好)和 Good
evening(晚上好)。有时英美人见面时只简单地说一声 Hello。
2.This is Miss Sophie Dupont.这位是索菲娅·杜邦小姐。
This is+姓名是将某人介绍给他人时常用的句式。课文中的例子还有:
Sophie, this is Hans.
索菲娅,这位是汉斯。
And this is Naoko.
这位是直子。
3.Mr. Blake/Miss Sophie Dupont,布莱克先生/索菲娅·杜邦 小
姐。
英语国家中人的姓名通常由 3 部分组成,即:名+中间名+姓。
在一般情况下,不用中间名。在熟悉的人中间,以名相称,而在正
式的场合中常用 Mr.(先生),Mrs.(太太),Miss(小姐)或 Ms.(女
士)这些称呼再加上姓。
Mr.用于男士的姓之前,不能单独使用,如课文中的 Mr.Blake;
而 sir 一般单独使用,是对长者、上司或男顾客的尊称,如:
Sorry, sir.
对不起,先生。
Miss 一般用于指未婚女子,不过有时在不知道对方是否已婚时也可
使用。
4.Nice to meet you.很高兴见到你。
用于初次与他人见面等非正式场合。对方的回应一般应为Nice to
meet you,too(我也很高兴见到你)。
人们在正式的场合初次见面时常用:How do you do?相应的回答也
是:How do you do?这是一句问候语,并非问话。
5.国籍与国家名称有别
请不要将国家名称和与其对应的国籍搞混。课文的 French,German,
Japanese,Korean 以及Chinese 都是表示国籍的词。句中表示中国国籍的
词应为 Chinese 而不是 China。
语法 Grammar in use
1.特殊疑问句
以疑问词 who,what,when,which,why,where,whose,how 等引
导的问句都叫特殊疑问句,也叫疑问词疑问句,有时还被称为 wh-问句
(wh-question)。结构一般为:疑问词+助动词+主语+主动词等。作为疑
问词的 what 可以用来询问名字、国籍、工作、颜色、型号等。例如以下
几个问句:
What make is this car?
这辆小汽车是什么牌子的?
What nationality are you?
你是哪国人?
What is your job?
你的工作是干什么?
What colour is it?
它是什么颜色的?
What size is this skirt?
这条裙子是多大号的?
2.a 和 an
Sophie is a new student.
索菲娅是一名新学生。
This is an umbrella.
这是一把雨伞。
这两个句子中出现的 a/an在英语中被称为不定冠词。a和 an 在意
义上没有区别。用 a/an时,我们必须记住两条基本原则:
(1)a/an 有不确定的意义(即所说的人、动物或东西对听者或读
者来说可能是不知道的)。
(2)a/an只能用于单数可数名词之前。
此外还需注意 a和an 的发音:a(在平时讲话中发/+/音)用于辅
音(不是辅音字母)之前;an(/+(/)用于元音(不仅仅是以元音字
母 a,e,i,o,u 开头的词)之前。当我们把a或 an 用来说明字母表中
的字母时,便会一目了然:
This is a B/C/D/G/J/K/P/Q/R/T/U/V/W/Y/
Z.
这是一个 B/C/D/G/J/K/P/Q/R/T/U/V/W/Y
/Z 字母。
This is an A/E/F/H/I/L/M/N/O/S/X.
这是一个 A/E/F/H/I/L/M/N/O/S/X 字母。
词汇学习 Word study
1.make n.
(产品的)牌子;类型,型号;式样:
What make is your watch?
你的手表是什么牌子的?
Her dress is of Italian make.
她的连衣裙是意大利式的。2.English adj.
英国(人)的;英格兰(人)的;英国化的:
Is it an American car or an English car?
它是美国车还是英国车?
John is very English.
约翰生活行事非常英国化。
练习答案 Key to written exercises
Lesson 6
A
Alice is a student. She isn't German. She is French.
This is her car. It is a French car.
Hans is a student. He isn't French.
He is German. This is his car. It is a German car.
B
1 Is she a German student or a Japanese student?
She isn't a German student. She's a Japanese student.
2 Is this a German car or a French car?
It isn't a German car. It's a French car.
3 Is he an Italian student or a German student?
He isn't an Italian student. He's a German student.
4 Is she an Italian student or a Chinese student?
She isn't an Italian student. She is a Chinese student.
5 Is this an American car or an English car?
It isn't an American car. It's an English car.
6 Is he a Japanese student or a Korean student?
He isn't a Japanese student. He's a Korean student. 7 Is this an English
car or an Italian car?
It isn't an English car. It's an Italian car.
8 Is he an English student or a Chinese student?
He isn't an English student. He's a Chinese student.
9 Is this a French car or a German car?
It isn't a French car. It's a German car.
10 Is this a Chinese car or a Japanese car?
It isn't a Chinese car. It's a Japanese car.
11 Is this an English car or an American car?
It isn't an English car. It's an American car.
12 Is this a Japanese car or a Korean car?
It isn't a Japanese car. It's a Korean car.

(责任编辑:谷雨英语单词速记网)



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