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英汉对照读物60      免费下载
21. Does Travel Broaden the Mind?
      1. One often hears it said that travel broadens the mind: if you stay in your own country the whole time, your ideas remain narrow; whereas if you travel abroad you see new customs, eat new foods, do new things, and come back home with a broader mind.
     2. But does this always - or even usually - happen? An acquaintance of mine who lives in England and had never been outside it until last summer decided to go over to France for a trip. When he returned, I asked him how he liked it. "Terrible," was his answer. "I couldn't get a nice cup of tea anywhere. Thank goodness I'm back." I asked him whether he hadn't had any good food While he was there. "Oh, the dinners were all right," he said. "I found a little place where they made quite good fish and chips. Not as good as ours, mind you, but they were
passable. But the breakfasts were terrible: no bacon or kippers. I had flied eggs and chips, but it was quiet a business getting them to make them. They expected me to eat rolls. And when I asked for marmalade, they brought strawberry jam.
And do you know, they insisted that it was marmalade? The trouble is they don't know English."
     3. I thought it use less to explain that we borrowed the word 'marmalade' from French, and that it means, in that language, any kind of jam. So I said, "But didn't you eat any of the famous French food?  ....  What? Me?" he said. "Of course not! Give me good old English food every time! None of these fancy bits for me!" obviously travel had not broadened his mind. He had gone to France determined to live there exactly as if he was in England, and had judged it entirely from his own English viewpoints.
     4. This does not, of course, happen only tO Englishmen in France: all nationalities, in all foreign countries, can be found judging what they see, hear, taste and smell according to their own habits and customs. People who are better educated and who have read a lot about foreign countries tend to be more adaptable and tolerant, but this is because their minds have already been broadened before they start travelling. In fact, it is easier to be broad-minded about foreign habits and customs, if one's acquaintance with these things is limited to books and
films. The American smiles tolerantly over the absence of central heating in most English homes when he is himself comfortably seated in his armchair in his centrally heated house in Chicago; the English man reads abut the sanitary arrangements in a certain tropical country, and the inhabitants of the latter read about London fogs, and each side manages to be detached and broad-minded. But actual physical contact with things one is unaccustomed to is much more difficult to bear philosophically.
    5. Physical differences are not so difficult to adapt oneself to as religious, ethical and irrational ones. Indonesians are trained from earliest childhood to give and receive things with the right hand only; the left hand is considered unclean.
When a foreigner offers an Indonesian something with his left hand, or holds out his left hand to take something he is being offered, the Indonesian may explain this action rationally as arising from a difference in custom, but the deep prejudice against the use of the left hand which was instilled in him during his most impressionable years will not be so easily done away with.
    6. There are some travelers who adapt themselves so successfully to foreign customs and habits that they incur the severe criticisms of their more stubborn fellow-countrymen. If they are Asians, they are accused of hayings become "Westernized", and if they are Europeans, people say they have "gone native".
Which is better: rigid, self-satisfied prejudice against things foreign (the idea "Thank God I am not as others are!"), or loss of your certainty that your own country's habits and customs are the only right ones, and hence the inability to be one of a herd any longer?
    7. Perhaps the ideal would be if travel could succeed in making people tolerant of the habits and customs of others without abandoning their own. The criterion for judging a foreigner could be: Does he try to be polite and considerate to others? Instead of: Is he like me?
    2.但是,这种情况是否总是(或者说经常)发生呢?我有一位熟人常住英国,从未出过国,去年夏天决定到法国去旅行。当他回来后,我问他喜欢那儿吗?  “糟糕透了”,这就是他的回答。“我在那里怎么也喝不到一杯好茶。
    3.我想不需要解释我们是从法语借了marmalade这个词,而在法语中它表示各种果酱。因此我说:“但你吃过著名的法国食物没有?”“什么?我?”他说:“当然没有!还是每天都给我上吃惯了的英国美食吗!可别给我来那些花花哨哨的玩意儿!"显然,旅行并没有开阔他的思路!他去了法国,但他却硬要在那里过在英国过惯了的生活,判断任何事情完全根据他自己的英国的观点。    .




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