人教版必修一英语课本电子版+翻译和语法知识点+单词表和mp3音频

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人教版必修一英语课本电子版+翻译和语法知识点+单词表和mp3音频

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资料目录
人教版必修一英语单词和mp3音频
人教版必修一英语课文mp3音频
人教版必修一英语课件ppt(19份)
人教版必修一英语课本电子版.pdf
人教版必修一英语全单元教案.doc
人教版必修一英语语法知识点总结.doc
人教版必修一英语课文原文及翻译.doc

举例
人教版必修一各单元语法知识点总结
Unit One Friendship
一、重点短语
1.go through 经历,经受 get through 通过;完成;接通电话
2. set down 记下,放下  3. a series of 一系列4. on purpose 有目的的
5. in order to 为了6. at dusk 傍晚,黄昏时刻7. face to face 面对面
8. fall in love 爱上9. join in 参加(某个活动);take part in 参加(活动)
join 加入(组织,团队,并成为其中一员)
10. calm down 冷静下来11. suffer from 遭受12. be/get tired of…对…感到厌倦
13. be concerned about 关心14. get on/along well with 与…相处融洽15. be good at/do well in 擅长于…16. find it + adj. to do sth. 发现做某事是…17. no longer / not …any longer 不再…18. too much 太多(后接不可数n.) much too 太…(后接adj.)19. not…until 直到… 才20. it’s no pleasure doing sth 做… 并不开心
21. make sb. sth. 使某人成为…make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
二、语法----直接引语和间接引语
概念:直接引语:直接引述别人的原话。一般前后要加引号。
间接引语:用自己的话转述别人的话。间接引语在多数情况下可构成宾语从句且不要加引号。
例: Mr. Black said, “ I’m busy.”
     Mr. Black said that he was busy.
变化规则
(一)陈述句的变化规则
直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时,用连词that(可省略)引导,从句中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语都要发生相应的变化。
人称的变化——人称的变化主要是要理解句子的意思
例:1. He said, “ I like it very much.” → He said that he liked it very much.
2. He said to me, “I’v left my book in your room.”
→ He told me that he had left his book in my room.
时态的变化
直接引语 间接引语
一般现在时 一般过去时
现在进行时 过去进行时
现在完成时 过去完成时
一般过去时 过去完成时
一般将来时 过去将来时
过去完成时 过去完成时
例:“I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary,” said Anne.
→Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary.
The boy said, “I’m using a knife.” → The boy said that he was using a knife.
▲注意:如果直接引语是客观真理,变为间接引语时,时态不变,如:
He said, “Light travels much faster than sound.”
He said that light travels much faster than sound.
指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和动词的变化
直接引语 间接引语
this that
these those
now then
ago before/earlier
today that day
yesterday the day before
tomorrow the next/following day
the day after tomorrow In two day’s time
come go
here there
the day before yesterday two days before/earlier
() 祈使句的变化规则
如果直接引语是祈使句,变为间接引语时,要将祈使句的动词原形变为带to的不定式,并根据句子意思在不定式前加上tell/ask/order等动词,如果祈使句是否定句,在不定式前面还要加上not。例:
The hostess said to us, “Please sit down.”→ The hostess asked us to sit down.
He said, “Don’t make so much noise, boys.” → He told the boys not to make so much noise.
(三)疑问句的变化规则
如果直接引语是疑问句,变为间接引语时要把疑问句语序变为陈述句语序,句末用句号。
一般疑问句:如果直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,谓语动词是say或said时,要改为 ask 或asked,原问句变为由if/whether 引导的宾语从句。例:
“Do you think a diary can become your friend?” the writer says.
   → The writer asks us if we think a diary can become our friend.
2) 特殊疑问句:如果间接引语是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,仍用原来的引导词,但疑问句要变为陈述句。例:“What do you want?” he asked me. → He asked me what I wanted

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